How Can Your Gynecologist Treat Abnormal Bleeding?

If you are experiencing irregular bleeding during our outside of your menstrual cycle, you might be experiencing abnormal bleeding. Abnormal vaginal bleeding can be caused by several different factors. However, it is always a cause for concern. If you experience this troubling symptom, you should make an appointment with your gynecologist as soon as possible. Here are four things your doctor can do to help you:

1. Perform an ultrasound.

The first step in diagnosing abnormal bleeding is performing a pelvic exam. However, a pelvic exam may not give your gynecologist all the information they need. Your doctor will also perform an ultrasound to examine your ovaries and the inside of your uterus. The ultrasound can discover uterine polyps and fibroids that may cause bleeding. Your doctor may also find ovarian cysts, which can cause bleeding and pain. 

2. Check for the presence of infections.

Certain infections can also cause abnormal bleeding. People with urinary tract infections may find blood in their urine. Kidney infections can also lead to abnormal bleeding. Your gynecologist can check for the presence of infections using urinalysis. If an infection is discovered, your gynecologist will prescribe antibiotics to eradicate it. Make sure you take all of your pills according to your doctor's instructions. Don't miss a dose; continue taking your antibiotics until they're gone or your doctor tells you to stop. 

3. Perform surgery.

Some conditions that cause abnormal bleeding can only be remedied through surgery. Uterine fibroids and polyps must be removed to relieve the symptoms they cause. Fortunately, many uterine surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques. Your doctor may decide to remove your polyps or fibroids laparoscopically, using a small incision in your abdomen. Your doctor may even be able to remove fibroids without making an incision at all, by performing the surgery through your cervical opening.

4. Prescribe birth control pills to control bleeding. 

Following your treatment, your gynecologist may want to take additional steps to prevent your abnormal bleeding from recurring. Birth control pills can prevent uterine fibroids and polyps from returning by stabilizing your hormone levels. If your doctor thinks you can benefit from hormonal birth control, they will discuss the pros and cons with you. Birth control pills should be taken at the same time each day for the best results. If you're concerned about side effects, your gynecologist will work with you to find a birth control pill that controls your bleeding with minimal ill effects.

For more information about abnormal bleeding treatment options, contact a local OBGYN or gynocologist.